Selectively De-Animating Video

Jiamin Bai, Aseem Agarwala, Maneesh Agrawala, Ravi Ramamoorthi


We present a semi-automated technique for selectively de-animating video to remove the large-scale motions of one or more objects so that other motions are easier to see. The user draws strokes to indicate the regions of the video that should be immobilized, and our algorithm warps the video to remove the large-scale motion of these regions while leaving finer-scale, relative motions intact. However, such warps may introduce unnatural motions in previously motionless areas, such as background regions. We therefore use a graph-cut-based optimization to composite the warped video regions with still frames from the input video; we also optionally loop the output in a seamless manner. Our technique enables a number of applications such as clearer motion visualization, simpler creation of artistic cinemagraphs (photos that include looping motions in some regions), and new ways to edit appearance and complicated motion paths in video by manipulating a de-animated representation. We demonstrate the success of our technique with a number of motion visualizations, cinemagraphs and video editing examples created from a variety of short input videos, as well as visual and numerical comparison to previous techniques.

Large-scale motions of the guitar body can make it difficult to follow the finer-scale motions of the strings and fingers. We visualize the amount of movement by averaging the frames of the input video (left) and find that the body and fretboard of the guitar, as well as the strings and fingers are blurred because they move a lot. With our selective de-animation technique, we remove the large-scale motions of the guitar to make it easier to see the finer scale motions. Averaging the frames of our de-animated result (right) shows that the body and fretboard are sharp and therefore immobilized. Note that while the strings and fingers are sharper than in the visualization of the input video, they remain blurry because their fine-scale motions are retained in our de-animated result. We encourage the reader to view the paper video, to see this comparison in video form.

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Selectively De-Animating Video
SIGGRAPH 2012. August 2012. pp. 66:1-66:10.