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Visualization

Haiti Aid Visualization

Tools: Excel

Explanation

This visualization shows a mapping of the donations of different countries, plotted according to the size of the donation and the population of that country. The points are further encoded to show more information. As shown in the legend, the points with blue hues represent countries whose donations have been contributed or committed while the points with red hues represent those whose donations are uncommitted pledges. In addition, the points that are diamond-shaped show countries whose donations are made in-kind, while the dash-shaped points show countries whose donations are of any other sort. Also shown for each of the four categories is the total donation amount as well as the number of countries who chose to give a certain type of donation and the aggregate population of the countries involved.

There are several different things to take note of in this graph. First, there appears to be no obvious trend of why a certain country gives an in kind donation (goods and services) instead of any other type of donation (cash donation, humanitarian aid) or vice versa. It can be seen, very subtly however, that the countries with a higher population seem to give more in-kind donations while countries with lower population gave less.

Another feature to note is that for funded donations, there is only a slightly larger number of in-kind donations than there are of the other type of donation, but the difference in total value these two categories is rather large. This seems to be because of the highest valued donations, most of them are in-kind donations.

In addition, overall, when adding up both funded and uncommitted pledges, there is a larger number of countries that gave other donations. However, the actual cash value of all the in-kind donations is greater than the value of all the other donations.

The trends illustrated in this visualization show something important: more countries are giving in-kind donations of higher value than other types of donations. In my opinion, this may be because in-kind donations are more useful for the victims of the disaster since they can use them directly. Cash donations and other types of donations usually go through the government or organization and the donation's value is diluted by the time something meaningful is done with that amount. Therefore, if more countries give in-kind donations of higher values, as is shown in this visualization, it will be a good thing for disaster relief overall.



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